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John Lawrence Angel Papers 1930s-1980s

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Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Ashley-Montagu, Montague Francis  Search this
Edynak, Gloria Jean  Search this
United States Department of Commerce  Search this
United States Department of State  Search this
United States Department of the Army  Search this
United States Department of the Interior  Search this
United States Department the Navy  Search this
United States Department of War  Search this
Aberle, Donald F  Search this
Acheson, Roy  Search this
Ackerknecht, Erwin H  Search this
Adelmann, Howard B  Search this
Ahlborn, Richard E  Search this
Allison, Marvin J  Search this
Anderson, Harriet  Search this
Anderson, James E  Search this
Angel, Elizabeth  Search this
Angel, Henry  Search this
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)  Search this
Angel, Elizabeth  Search this
Angel, Margaret  Search this
Angel, Steven  Search this
Arensburg, Baruch  Search this
Arensberg, Conrad M  Search this
Armelagos, George J  Search this
Armstrong, P. Livingstone  Search this
Auel, Jean M  Search this
Aufderheide, Arthur C  Search this
Ayers, Hester Merwin  Search this
Baby, Raymond S  Search this
Bach, Julian S  Search this
Bakalakis, George  Search this
Baker, Paul T  Search this
Ballard, Mary W  Search this
Barnicot, N.A  Search this
Bass, William Martston  Search this
Bastian, Tyler  Search this
Bear, John C  Search this
Beardsley, Richard King  Search this
Beardsley, Grace  Search this
Becker, Howard  Search this
Becker, Marshall Joseph  Search this
Becker, R. Frederick  Search this
Beilicki, Tadeusz  Search this
Benedict, Ruth 1887-1948  Search this
Bennett, George A  Search this
Bennett, Kenneth A  Search this
Bennett, Linda A  Search this
Benoist, Jean  Search this
Benson, John L  Search this
Berger, Susanne  Search this
Betsch, William F  Search this
Bird, Junius  Search this
Birdsell, Joseph B  Search this
Bisel, Sara C  Search this
Bishop, Philip W  Search this
Blackburn, Tucker  Search this
Blakely, Robert L  Search this
Blegan, Carl W  Search this
Blumberg, Baruch  Search this
Boaz, Noel T  Search this
Bonin, Gerhardt von  Search this
Borst, Lyle B  Search this
Bostanci, Enver  Search this
Boulter, Cedric  Search this
Bouton, Katherine  Search this
Boyd, William C  Search this
Brace, C. Loring  Search this
Breitinger, Emil  Search this
Brett-Smith, Sarah  Search this
Brew, John Otis  Search this
Brieger, Heinrich  Search this
Briggs, Lloyd Cabot  Search this
Brodkin, Henry A  Search this
Broneer, Oscar  Search this
Brooks, Sheilagh T  Search this
Brothwell, Donald R  Search this
Brown, Thorton  Search this
Brownstein, Elizabeth S  Search this
Brozek, Josef  Search this
Bruce-Chwatt, L.J  Search this
Bruch, Hilde  Search this
Brues, Alice M  Search this
Buck, Rodger L  Search this
Buettner-Janusch, John 1924-1992  Search this
Buikstra, Jane E  Search this
Burdo, Christopher  Search this
Burns, Peter E  Search this
Caldwell, Margaret Catherine  Search this
Campbell, John M  Search this
Campbell, T.N  Search this
Canby, Courtlandt  Search this
Cappieri, Mario  Search this
Carpenter, Rhys  Search this
Carter, George F  Search this
Carter, L. Clyde  Search this
Caskey, John L  Search this
Cavalli-Saforz, L.L  Search this
Chardin, P. Teilhard de  Search this
Charles, Robert P  Search this
Chase, George H  Search this
Chattopadhyay, Prasanta Kumar  Search this
Chiarelli, B  Search this
Clark, George Arthur  Search this
Clark, Grahame  Search this
Clement, Paul A  Search this
Cobb, Stanley  Search this
Cobb, W. Montague  Search this
Cockburn, Eve  Search this
Cockburn, Thomas Aidan 1912-1981  Search this
Coleman, John E  Search this
Collins, Henry Bascom 1899-1987  Search this
Colt, H. Dunscombe  Search this
Comas, Juan  Search this
Conant, Francis  Search this
Conant, James B  Search this
Constable, Giles  Search this
Constantoulis, Nestor C  Search this
Cook, Della Collins  Search this
Coon, Carlton Stevens Jr 1904-1981  Search this
Corruccini, Robert S  Search this
Corwin, Arthur H  Search this
Count, Earl W  Search this
Cowan, Richard S. 1921-1997  Search this
Crawford, Michael H  Search this
Cummins, Harold  Search this
Cutter, Margot  Search this
Dahlgerg, Albert A  Search this
Damon, Albert  Search this
Danby, Patricia M  Search this
Danson, Edward B  Search this
Daux, Georges  Search this
Davis, Jefferson D  Search this
Deflakis, Evangelia Protonotariou  Search this
De Lumley, Henry  Search this
Demerec, M  Search this
DePalma, Anthony F  Search this
Desmond, Waldo Fairfield  Search this
Derousseau, C. Jean  Search this
De Vasto, Michael A  Search this
De Villiers, Hertha  Search this
Dibennardo, Robert  Search this
Dietz, Soren  Search this
Dikaios, Porphyrios  Search this
Dinsmoor, William B  Search this
Dobzhansky, Theodosius  Search this
Domurad, Melodie R  Search this
Dow, Sterling  Search this
Dunn, L.C  Search this
Duong, Chho L  Search this
Dupertuis, C. Wesley  Search this
Eberhart, Sylvia  Search this
Edwards, Roger  Search this
Eggan, Fred Russell  Search this
Ehrich, Robert W  Search this
Eiben, O.G  Search this
Eisenhart, Luther P  Search this
Elderkin, Roland D  Search this
El-Najjar, Mahmoud Y  Search this
Ely, John  Search this
Endicott, Kenneth M  Search this
Evans, Clifford Jr  Search this
Eyman, Charles E  Search this
Fairservis, Walter A  Search this
Farfan, Harry F  Search this
Farrell, Corinne  Search this
Farris, Edmond J  Search this
Fawcett, Don W  Search this
Fedele, Francesco G  Search this
Fejos, Paul  Search this
Felts, William J.L  Search this
Fenton, William Nelson  Search this
Ferembach, Denise  Search this
Ferguson, C.L  Search this
Field, Henry  Search this
Fierro, Marcella F  Search this
Finkel, David J  Search this
Fiske, Barbara  Search this
Fitzhugh, William W. 1943-  Search this
Flander, Louise  Search this
Flick, John B  Search this
Ford, James Alfred 1911-1968  Search this
Forde, C. Daryll  Search this
Forziati, Florence H  Search this
Foster, Giraud V  Search this
Fox, Dorothy  Search this
Chapman, Florence E  Search this
De Vries, Keith  Search this
Dupree, Louis Benjamin  Search this
Courbain, Paul  Search this
Eiseley, Loren Corey  Search this
American Academy of Forensic Sciences  Search this
American Anthropological Association  Search this
American Association for the Advancement of Science  Search this
American Association of Physical Anthropologists  Search this
Physical description:
ca. 75 linear feet
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
J. Lawrence Angel was educated in the classics in his native England and at The Choate School in Connecticut. He studied anthropology at Harvard University (A.B., 1936; Ph.D., 1942). He was an instructor at the University of California at Berkeley in 1941-1942 and at the University of Minnesota in 1942-1943. In 1943-1962, he was on the staff of the Daniel Baugh Institute of Anatomy at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, starting as an assistant and rsising to a professor. In 1962, he became the curator for physical anthropology in the Smithsonian Institution's Department of Anthropology and continued in that position until he died. Angel was also a research associate with the University Museum of the University of of Pennsylvania, 1946-1962; civil consultant in surgical anatomy of the United States Naval Hospital in Philadelphia, 1957-1962; visiting professor of anatomy, Howard University, 1962-1986; and professorial lecturer at the George Washington University, 1962-1986. He was also a lecturer in forensic pathology at the department of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, and visiting professor at the University of California at Berkeley in 1962.
Angel summarized his research interests as (1) human social biology, involving the "interrrelations of health, disease, body build, longevity, genetic mixture and variability with each other, with climate and ecology, and with level of culture, nutrition and achievement as seen in history, in evolution, or clinically"; (2) palaeodemography as related to the rise and decline of disease (falciparum malaria)"; and (3) "relation of structure to function and to genetic determinants as seen in form of joints and in density, mineral historology and muscularity of bones, or in process of 'arthritic' change in relation to aging."
The single most enduring interest in Angel's career was the pre- and proto-history of the population of Greece and nearby areas of the eastern Mediterranean. Beginning in 1937, Angel made repeated trips to the region, only highlights of which are provided here. In 1938, he studied skeletal material from Troy which W.T. Semple, of the University of Cincinnati had deposited in the Archaeological Museum at Istanbul. In 1938, he studied skeletal material mostly excavated in the area of Corinth. He worked at the Cyprus Museum in 1949, studying skulls from Vasa and skeletal material from Bamboula. During that year, he also studied living people at a Cypriote village. In 1952, he worked with Carleton S. Coon on skeletal material from Hotu Cave. In 1954, he studied materials from the Agora excavations and from Eleusis. During the same year, he also visited the British Museum and many sites in Greece studying Myceanean skeletons excavated by George E. Mylonas, John Papadimitrious, and A.J.B. Wace. In 1954, he again studied skeletal material excavated at Bamboula and, in 1957, skeletons from Eleusis. In 1965, he studied human bones from twenty-two sites in Greece and Turkey that dated from the paleolithic to moderntimes, including material from a Bryan Mawr College excavation at Elmali, an excavation at Karatas-Semeyuk in Lycia, and collections in the Archaeological Museum of Ankara and in the museum at Verroia in Macedonia. In 1969, he worked on material from Kephala, and in 1972, skeletons from Asine in Greece. In 1984, he studied upper paleolithic skeletons from Wadi Kubbaniya.
Angel also carried out work on American populations--prehistoric, historic, and contemporary. In 1944, he worked on skeletal remains from excavations at Tranquillity, California, that were deposited in the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania and in the Museum of Anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley. In the same year, he was one of several researchers involved in an endocrinological, anthropological, and psychological study ofobesity initiatec by the Jefferson School of Medicine.
The first hase of the study lasted until 1948 and was followed by restudy of the subjects in 1954-1957. Around 1959-1961, with Carl Seltzer, he was involved in a study of the relation between constitution and health of students at Harvard University and Johns Hopkins Unviersity, Angel primarily taking care of the work in Baltimore at Johns Hopkins. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, he studied skeletal material from Matin's Hundred and other sites of colonia Virginia which resulted, in part, in comparisons with the modern American population. In the 1980s, with Jennifer O. Kelly, he worked on skeletons of African American slaves from Catoctin Furnace, Maryland, and on remains of free African American from the First African Baptist Church in Philadelphia.
Angle was highly regarded for his keen seight and other senses which he used with great effect in examining human remains. Consequently, he was frequently sought as a consultant and regularly carried out forensic work for the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement authorities. In addition, military authorities, archeologists involved in both the study of history and prehistory, and museum people sent him specimens for examination. At the Smithsonian, he not only used and improved the excellent skeletal collection, he had the opportunity to exmaine the bones of Smithsonian benefactor James Smithson and was involved ine arly studies connected with the return of American Indian skeltal materials to appropriate receipents.
Active with several professional organizations, Angel was president of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society in 1956-1958 and associate editor of the American Anthropologist. In 1952-1956, he was the secretary-treasurer of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and, in 1959-1960, vice president of that organization. In 1952-1956, he was an association editor of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. He was president of the American Board of Forensic Anthropology in 1980-1985. For his active professional life, he received the Pomerance Medal of the Archaeological Institute of American in 1983 and the distinguished service medal of the American Anthropological Association in 1986.
Electronic finding aid available via the website of the National Anthropological Archives.
(1) Miscellaneous personal papers, 1933-1986; (2) correspondence, 1936-1986; (3) research in the eastern Mediterranean, 1936-1986; (4) anthropology of chronic disease, 1943-1965; (5) Harvard University-Johns Hopkins University Hospital anthropology study, 1959-1964; (6) five generation study, 1962-1985; (7) skull thickness project, 1968-1976; (8) biological and cultureal microdifferential among rural populations of Yugoslavia, 1981-1986; (9) First African Baptist Church, Philadelphia, 1983-1987; (10) other research projects (bone density change, Catoctin Furnace site, Virginia colonial sites), 1945-1986; (11) education, 1940-1986; (12) legal matters, 1962-1986; (13) reference materials, 1930-1986; (14) writing of J. Lawrence Angel, 1932-1988; (15) Smithsonian Department of Anthropology, Division of Physical Anthropology, 1961-1968; (16) professional organizations and meetings, 1942-1987; (17) writings by other authors, 1950-1985; (18) grants, 1951-1962; (19) miscellany, 1937-1985; (20) photographs, 1936-1986
The Angel papers seem to cover virtually all aspects of Angel's professional life. Included are research material, administrative and curatorial papers, and material concerning his teaching activities. Angel was a capable photographer and there are considerable numbers of photographs included.
The indexing of this record is continued in record aak8019.
Cite as:
John Lawrence Angel Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Repository Loc.:
National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland
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John Lawrence Angel Papers 1930s-1980s
Data Source:
National Anthropological Archives