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Catalog Data

Artist:
Christian Schussele, 16 Apr 1824 - 1879  Search this
Designer:
Felix Octavius Carr Darley, 23 Jun 1822 - 27 Mar 1888  Search this
Sitter:
Washington Irving, 3 Apr 1783 - 28 Nov 1859  Search this
Henry Theodore Tuckerman, 1813 - 1871  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., 29 Aug 1809 - 7 Oct 1894  Search this
Nathaniel Hawthorne, 4 Jul 1804 - 19 May 1864  Search this
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 27 Feb 1807 - 24 Mar 1882  Search this
Nathaniel Parker Willis, 20 Jan 1806 - 20 Jan 1867  Search this
James Kirke Paulding, 22 Aug 1778 - 6 Apr 1860  Search this
William Cullen Bryant, 3 Nov 1794 - 12 Jun 1878  Search this
John Pendleton Kennedy, 25 Oct 1795 - 18 Aug 1870  Search this
William Gilmore Simms, 17 Apr 1806 - 11 Jun 1870  Search this
Fitz-Greene Halleck, 8 Jul 1790 - 19 Nov 1867  Search this
William Hickling Prescott, 4 May 1796 - 28 Jan 1859  Search this
Ralph Waldo Emerson, 25 May 1803 - 27 Apr 1882  Search this
James Fenimore Cooper, 15 Sep 1789 - 14 Sep 1851  Search this
George Bancroft, 3 Oct 1800 - 17 Jan 1891  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Sight: 134.6 x 199.4 x 3.8cm (53 x 78 1/2 x 1 1/2")
Frame: 158.8 x 224.8 x 14cm (62 1/2 x 88 1/2 x 5 1/2")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1864
Exhibition Label:
The artists Christian Schussele and Felix Darley created this apocryphal gathering of leading writers at Sunnyside, Washington Irving's Hudson River home, to honor the literary culture created by America's founding generation of writers. By making Irving the center of the image, the artists both glorify his career and at the same time celebrate the national culture. But in doing so, they made the writers too much alike. As a New York critic wrote, "If [Irving] could have caught a glimpse of such a gathering . . . [he] would have dashed out of doors." Nonetheless, the group portrait is an important summing up of an era in which American literature found its voice and created a vigorous national culture that a new generation-Walt Whitman, Mark Twain, Stephen Crane-would later enhance.
Provenance:
(Hirschl & Adler Galleries, Inc.); purchased 1982 NPG
According to Hirschl & Adler, prior provenance was: (Williams and Everett, Boston); private collection; (Williams and Everett); (The Casson Galleries, Boston); Walter Parker, Manchester, N.H.; Mrs. Norman F. Milne, Manchester, N.H. Williams and Everett was a Boston gallery fl. 1855-1907.
Topic:
Interior\Interior with Exterior View  Search this
Artwork\Painting  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bookcase  Search this
Costume\Headgear\Hat\Top hat  Search this
Nature & Environment\Animal\Dog  Search this
John Pendleton Kennedy: Male  Search this
John Pendleton Kennedy: Military\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
John Pendleton Kennedy: Education\Administrator\University\Trustee  Search this
John Pendleton Kennedy: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
John Pendleton Kennedy: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Maryland  Search this
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Male  Search this
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Literature\Writer  Search this
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Communications\Translator  Search this
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Humanities and Social Sciences\Linguist  Search this
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Education\Educator\Librarian  Search this
Fitz-Greene Halleck: Male  Search this
Fitz-Greene Halleck: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Fitz-Greene Halleck: Literature\Writer\Satirist  Search this
Ralph Waldo Emerson: Male  Search this
Ralph Waldo Emerson: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Ralph Waldo Emerson: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Ralph Waldo Emerson: Humanities and Social Sciences\Philosopher\Transcendentalist  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.: Male  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.: Health and Medicine\Physician  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.: Education\Educator\Professor\College  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
James Fenimore Cooper: Male  Search this
James Fenimore Cooper: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
James Fenimore Cooper: Literature\Writer\Magazine article  Search this
James Fenimore Cooper: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
James Fenimore Cooper: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Consul  Search this
William Hickling Prescott: Male  Search this
William Hickling Prescott: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
William Hickling Prescott: Literature\Writer\Historical  Search this
Nathaniel Parker Willis: Male  Search this
Nathaniel Parker Willis: Literature\Writer  Search this
Nathaniel Parker Willis: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Nathaniel Parker Willis: Communications\Journalist  Search this
Nathaniel Parker Willis: Literature\Writer\Playwright  Search this
William Cullen Bryant: Male  Search this
William Cullen Bryant: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
William Cullen Bryant: Communications\Journalist  Search this
William Cullen Bryant: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Newspaper  Search this
Nathaniel Hawthorne: Male  Search this
Nathaniel Hawthorne: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Nathaniel Hawthorne: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Consul\US Consul  Search this
Washington Irving: Male  Search this
Washington Irving: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Washington Irving: Politics and Government\Diplomat  Search this
Washington Irving: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Washington Irving: Literature\Writer\Historical  Search this
George Bancroft: Male  Search this
George Bancroft: Literature\Writer  Search this
George Bancroft: Military\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
George Bancroft: Humanities and Social Sciences\Historian  Search this
George Bancroft: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Henry Theodore Tuckerman: Male  Search this
Henry Theodore Tuckerman: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
Henry Theodore Tuckerman: Literature\Writer\Biographer  Search this
Henry Theodore Tuckerman: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
Henry Theodore Tuckerman: Humanities and Social Sciences\Critic\Literary  Search this
Henry Theodore Tuckerman: Literature\Writer\Travel  Search this
James Kirke Paulding: Male  Search this
James Kirke Paulding: Literature\Writer\Poet  Search this
James Kirke Paulding: Military\Navy\Secretary of the Navy  Search this
James Kirke Paulding: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
William Gilmore Simms: Male  Search this
William Gilmore Simms: Literature\Writer\Novelist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.82.147
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 120
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.82.147