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Catalog Data

Artist:
Gilbert Stuart, 3 Dec 1755 - 9 Jul 1828  Search this
Sitter:
George Washington, 22 Feb 1732 - 14 Dec 1799  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
121.9cm x 94cm (48" x 37"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
1796
Exhibition Label:
Gilbert Stuart first painted George Washington in 1795 (in a work now known only from copies). That painting was so successful that, according to artist Rembrandt Peale, Martha Washington “wished a Portrait for herself.” She persuaded her husband to sit again for Stuart “on the express condition that when finished it should be hers.” Stuart, however, did not want to part with the picture and left it unfinished so that he could refer to it when producing future commissions. Known as the “Athenaeum” portrait because it went to the Boston Athenaeum after Stuart’s death, this painting served as the basis for the engraving of Washington that appears on the one-dollar bill. John Neal, an early-nineteenth-century writer and art critic, wrote, “Though a better likeness of him were shown to us, we should reject it; for, the only idea that we now have of George Washington, is associated with Stuart’s Washington.”
Gilbert Stuart pintó a George Washington por primera vez en 1795, aunque dicha obra ahora solo se conoce por copias. La pintura tuvo tanto éxito que, según el artista Rembrandt Peale, Martha Washington “deseaba un retrato para ella”. Fue así que convenció a su esposo de que posara de nuevo para Stuart “con la condición expresa de que la pintura sería de ella cuando la terminara”. Sin embargo, Stuart no quiso desprenderse de la obra y la dejó inconclusa para poder usarla de referencia en encargos futuros. Conocida como el retrato del “Ateneo” debido a que pasó al Ateneo de Boston al morir Stuart, esta pintura fue la base para el grabado de Washington que aparece en el billete de un dólar. John Neal, escritor y crítico de arte de principios del siglo XIX, escribió: “Aun si nos mostraran un mejor retrato suyo, tendríamos que rechazarlo, pues la única idea que tenemos hoy de George Washington está vinculada con el Washington pintado por Stuart”.
Provenance:
The artist; his daughter Jane Stuart; purchased in May, 1831, by the Trustees of the Boston Athenaeum with funds raised by subscription from the Washington Monument Association and 22 additional subscribers; purchased 1980 jointly by NPG and the Boston Museum of Fine Arts
Topic:
George Washington: Male  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\Revolution  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\Statesman\Colonial Statesman  Search this
George Washington: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Farmer  Search this
George Washington: Military\Army\Officer\General  Search this
George Washington: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
George Washington: Science and Technology\Engineer\Surveyor  Search this
George Washington: Congressional Gold Medal  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; owned jointly with Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Website: https://www.mfa.org/collections/search
Object number:
NPG.80.115
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.80.115