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Catalog Data

Artist:
Angelica Kauffmann, 30 Oct 1741 - 5 Nov 1807  Search this
Sitter:
John Morgan, 10 Jun 1735 - 15 Oct 1789  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Frame: 144.1 x 108.3 x 5.7cm (56 3/4 x 42 5/8 x 2 1/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1764
Exhibition Label:
Born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Dr. John Morgan's noted student, Benjamin Rush, once remarked that Morgan's name should forever be linked with the birth of professionalism in American medicine. Having first worked on the western frontier as a military surgeon during the French and Indian War, Morgan pursued an advanced medical degree at Edinburgh University in Scotland. Upon returning home to Philadelphia in 1765, Morgan played a key role in the establishment of America's first medical school. During the Revolutionary War, he served two years as the director-general of the Hospital of the Army. In this position, Morgan confronted daunting medical challenges, including an outbreak of smallpox and also extraordinary infighting among army officials who were unaccustomed to a centralized medical service.
This portrait was created by noted Swiss-born artist Angelica Kauffmann in Rome during Morgan's visit there in 1764.
Nacido en Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Benjamin Rush, distinguido alumno del doctor John Morgan, comentó que el nombre de su mentor estaría por siempre vinculado a los inicios del profesionalismo en la medicina estadounidense. Habiendo trabajado en frontera del oeste como cirujano militar durante la guerra franco-india, Morgan prosiguió a obtener un título avanzado de medicina en la Universidad de Edimburgo, Escocia. Al regresar a Philadelphia en 1765, fue figura clave en la fundación de la primera escuela de medicina en Estados Unidos. Durante la Guerra de Independencia sirvió dos años como director general del hospital del ejército. En dicho puesto confrontó situaciones abrumadoras, entre ellas una epidemia de varicela e intensas luchas internas entre los oficiales que no estaban acostumbrados a un servicio médico centralizado.
La reconocida artista de origen suizo Angelica Kauffmann realizó este retrato en Roma durante una visita de Morgan en 1764.
Provenance:
Washington County Historical Society, Washington, Pa.; (Kennedy Galleries, New York); purchased 1978 NPG
Compiled by the Frick Art Reference Library: Descended in family to David T. Morgan; his sister, Loretta T. Morgan [Mrs. Watson]; her son, David T. Watson; his sister, Mrs. Andrew G. Happer; to Washington County Historical Society
Topic:
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Interior\Interior with Exterior View  Search this
Printed Material\Newspaper  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Costume\Robe\Banyan  Search this
John Morgan: Male  Search this
John Morgan: Health and Medicine\Physician  Search this
John Morgan: Literature\Writer\Medical  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; this acquisition was made possible by a generous contribution from the James Smithson Society
Object number:
NPG.78.221
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 150a
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.78.221