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Catalog Data

Artist:
John Singleton Copley, 3 Jul 1738 - 9 Sep 1815  Search this
Sitter:
Henry Laurens, 6 Mar 1724 - 8 Dec 1792  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
137.5cm x 103cm (54 1/8" x 40 9/16"), Accurate
Frame: 155.9 x 121.9 x 9.2cm (61 3/8 x 48 x 3 5/8")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1782
Exhibition Label:
Born Charles Town (now Charleston), South Carolina
South Carolina merchant and planter Henry Laurens, sent by the Continental Congress to secure a much-needed loan from Holland, was captured by the British on the high seas and imprisoned for fifteen months in the Tower of London. Finally exchanged after the Battle of Yorktown­ for General Charles Cornwallis, Laurens posed for his portrait in his capacity as president of the Continental Congress (1777–78). Shortly thereafter he was instructed to join Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams as a member of the peace commission. Laurens arrived in Paris just two days before the preliminary treaty bringing the Revolutionary War to a close was signed on November 30, 1782. He inserted a line in the treaty to prevent the British army from “carrying away any Negroes or other property.” During the war, the British had destabilized the South by promising to liberate slaves who fled from their masters; many did so, and this clause was intended to restore those slaves to their masters.
Provenance:
Richard Bagwell [1840-1918], Marlfield House, Clonmel, Ireland; his widow Harriet Bagwell; (Lewis and Simmons, London); sold 29 March 1920 to Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York; sold as part of Clarke collection through (M. Knoedler and Co., New York) January 29, 1936 to The A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift to National Gallery of Art 1942; transferred 1965 to NPG.
Topic:
Printed Material\Document  Search this
Interior\Interior with Exterior View  Search this
Weapon\Sword  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Carpet  Search this
Equipment\Drafting & Writing Implements\Writing implement\Pen\Quill  Search this
Henry Laurens: Male  Search this
Henry Laurens: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
Henry Laurens: Politics and Government\Government Official  Search this
Henry Laurens: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant  Search this
Henry Laurens: Military\Militia\Officer  Search this
Henry Laurens: Natural Resources\Agriculturist\Planter  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; transfer from the National Gallery of Art; gift of the A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, 1942
Object number:
NPG.65.45
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
American Origins
On View:
NPG, East Gallery 140
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4788cc49c-f433-42e3-9f43-7c0d12582aa8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.65.45