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Catalog Data

Artist:
H. Seymour Squyer, 1848 - 18 Dec 1905  Search this
Sitter:
Harriet Arminta Tubman, 1820 - 10 Mar 1913  Search this
Medium:
Printing-out paper print
Dimensions:
Image/Sheet: 14 × 9.9cm (5 1/2 × 3 7/8")
Mount: 16.5 x 10.8cm (6 1/2 x 4 1/4")
Mat: 45.7 x 35.6cm (18 x 14")
Culture:
Harriet Arminta Tubman: American\African American  Search this
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1885
Exhibition Label:
Born Dorchester County, Maryland
Born into slavery as Araminta Ross, Harriet Tubman rebelled against servitude from her earliest years, running away as early as age seven. At fifteen, she defied an overseer and was nearly killed when he gave her a "stunning blow to the head." Although the effects of the blow stayed with her throughout her life, Tubman marshaled her resolve and nurtured her anger. In 1844 she married a freedman, John Tubman, and in 1849 she escaped to Philadelphia, discarding her slave name for her mother’s name, Harriet. Tubman became an active "conductor" on the Underground Railroad, guiding escaping slaves to freedom. She made nineteen recorded trips out of the South and was reputed never to have lost a soul. Tubman was active throughout the abolitionist movement and conspired with John Brown about raiding the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, although she did not participate.
Nacida en Dorchester County, Maryland
Harriet Tubman nació esclava, con el nombre de Araminta Ross, pero desde temprano se rebeló contra la servidumbre, intentando huir desde los siete años. A los quince desafió a un capataz y casi muere cuando este le propinó "un tremendo golpe en la cabeza". Aunque los efectos del incidente la acompañaron el resto de su vida, Tubman encauzó su determinación y alimentó su rabia. En 1844 se casó con un liberto, John Tubman, y en 1849 escapó a Philadelphia, cambiando su nombre de esclava por el de su madre, Harriet. Tubman se convirtió en una efectiva "conductora" del llamado "Ferrocarril Subterráneo", una red clandestina que ayudaba a los esclavos a escapar hacia la libertad. Realizó diecinueve viajes (de los que se tenga conocimiento) para sacar esclavos del sur del país, y se decía que nunca perdió a ninguno. Tubman estuvo muy activa en el movimiento abolicionista y conspiró junto a John Brown para asaltar el arsenal federal de Harpers Ferry, aunque no participó.
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Photographic format\Cabinet card  Search this
Harriet Arminta Tubman: Female  Search this
Harriet Arminta Tubman: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Abolitionist  Search this
Harriet Arminta Tubman: Health and Medicine\Nurse  Search this
Harriet Arminta Tubman: Society and Social Change\Enslaved person  Search this
Harriet Arminta Tubman: Military\Scout  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2006.86
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2006.86