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Gilbert Stuart, 3 Dec 1755 - 9 Jul 1828  Search this
James Madison, 16 Mar 1751 - 28 Jun 1836  Search this
Oil on canvas
Frame: 91.8 x 79.7 x 5.9cm (36 1/8 x 31 3/8 x 2 5/16")
Stretcher: 74.9 x 62.4cm (29 1/2 x 24 9/16")
Exhibition Label:
James Madison, one of the nation’s most astute political thinkers, was the architect of the American Constitution and drafted the first ten constitutional amendments, known as the Bill of Rights. He later opposed the Washington administration, believing it favored too powerful a national government, and with Thomas Jefferson launched the Democratic-Republican Party (AntiFederalists). As secretary of state during Jefferson’s two terms, Madison and the president initiated a policy of economic warfare—denying Britain and France raw materials and food—to counter their interference with U.S. commerce. By avoiding actual conflict, they believed that the United States could protect its rights while still maintaining a pure republican government with low taxes, citizen militias, and little debt. However, their economic warfare failed to alter the policies of Great Britain and France, and by the time Madison became the nation’s fourth president, America was already inching toward war.
Interior  Search this
Printed Material\Book  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair\Armchair  Search this
Home Furnishings\Drape  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Bookcase  Search this
James Madison: Male  Search this
James Madison: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Virginia  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Congressman\Continental  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Madison: Literature\Writer\Essayist  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
James Madison: Politics and Government\Statesman\Signer of Constitution  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Colonial Williamsburg
Object number:
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits