FROM CARD: "TRIPOD-FOOTED, GOLD-LACQUERED WOOD CYLINDER WITH REMOVABLE COPPER LINER. DECORATION ALSO HAS THIN PEARL SHELL INLAY. (VERY THIN). SAME SET AS 324 TO WHICH REFERENCE REFER: WHERE THIS IS THE LEFT HAND OBJECT ON THE UPPER PICTURE AND THE RIGHT HAND ONE ON THE LOWER ROW OF THE LOWER PICTURE. APRIL 10, 1973 IT APPEARS VERY LIKELY THAT THESE THREE BRAZIERS ARE THE GIFTS TO PRESIDENT JAMES BUCHANAN BY THE SECONDARY MEMBERS OF THE FIRST JAPANESE EMBASSY TO THE U.S. IN 1860.-R. ELDER." IDENTIFIED AS FIRST JAPANESE MISSION ARTIFACT BY CHANG-SU HOUCHINS, ASIAN ETHNOLOGY SPECIALIST 5-10-85
This brazier appears to be the one on lower center in engraving shown on p. 252, bottom, in Norton, Frank H., and Frank Leslie. 1877. Frank Leslie's historical register of the United States Centennial Exposition, 1876. Embellished with nearly eight hundred illustrations drawn expressly for this work by the most eminent artists in America. Including illustrations and descriptions of all previous International exhibitions. New York: Frank Leslie's Pub. House.
Note that the braziers (E322, E323, and E324) all include the Chrysanthemum Seal, the crest (mon) of the Emperor and Imperial Family. Visitors to the collection in 2018, descendants of the Shogun and First Japanese Mission, were puzzled that this seal should appear on a diplomatic gift from the Shogun. At the time, (1860) the Shogun and the Emperor were competing for power at home, but the Shogun was in charge of foreign relations.