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Catalog Data

Physical Description:
brass (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 9.1 cm x 7.5 cm x 2.9 cm; 3 19/32 in x 2 15/16 in x 1 5/32 in
chain: 8 cm; 3 5/32 in
Object Name:
astrolabe
Date made:
1372-1373
Description:
The astrolabe is an astronomical calculating device used from ancient times into the eighteenth century. Measuring the height of a star using the alidade on the back of the instrument, and knowing the latitude, one could find the time of night and the position of other stars. The openwork piece on the front, called the rete, is a star map of the northern sky. Pointers on the rete correspond to stars; the outermost circle is the Tropic of Capricorn, and the circle that is off-center represents the zodiac, the apparent annual motion of the sun. Engraved plates that fit below the rete have scales of altitude and azimuth (arc of the horizon) for specific latitudes. This brass Persian astrolabe has a mater or body, an alidade (this may be a replacement), a rete, three plates, a pin, a ringlet, and a wedge for holding the instrument together. It had no handle or ring.
The instrument is dated A.H. 774 (1372 A.D.). It is signed with the mark of Ja'far ibn 'Umar ben Daulatshah al-Kirmani.
Reference:
For a detailed description of this object, see Sharon Gibbs with George Saliba, <a href="https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/2444"><I>Planispheric Astrolabes from the National Museum of American History</I></a>, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1984, pp. 64-65. The object is referred to in the catalog as CCA No.15.
Location:
Currently not on view
Credit Line:
Gift of International Business Machines Corporation
ID Number:
MA.336113
Catalog number:
336113
Accession number:
215454
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_997147