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Catalog Data

Liotta, Domingo  Search this
Physical Description:
dacron (overall material)
polyurethane (overall material)
silastic (overall material)
overall, as stored: 7 1/2 in x 9 in x 6 1/2 in; 19.05 cm x 22.86 cm x 16.51 cm
overall: 18.7 cm x 22.8 cm x 16.4 cm; 7 3/8 in x 8 31/32 in x 6 15/32 in
Object Name:
artificial heart
heart, artificial
Place made:
United States: Texas, Houston
Date made:
This is the first total artificial heart implanted in a human body. It was developed by Domingo Liotta and implanted by surgeon Denton Cooley (1920-2016) on April 4, 1969, at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital in Houston. The recipient, Haskell Karp, lived for sixty-four hours with the artificial heart pumping oxygenated blood through his body until a human heart was available for transplant.
Although Karp died soon after receiving a real heart, and some criticized the surgery as unethical because it was without formal review by the medical community, the procedure demonstrated the viability of artificial hearts as a bridge to transplant in cardiac patients.
Currently not on view
Cardiology  Search this
Surgery  Search this
Cardiology  Search this
Surgery  Search this
Health Care  Search this
Artificial Organs  Search this
Related Publication:
Cooley, D. A.; Liotta, D.; Hallman, G. L.; Bloodwell, R. D.; Leachman, R. D.; Milam, J. D.. Orthotopic Cardiac Prosthesis for Two-Staged Cardiac Replacement
Credit Line:
Denton Cooley, M.D.
ID Number:
Accession number:
Catalog number:
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
National Treasures exhibit
Health & Medicine
Government, Politics, and Reform
Artificial Hearts
Data Source:
National Museum of American History