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Catalog Data

Object Name:
gin, cotton, Whitney's
gin, reproduction cotton
Description:
In 1794, Eli Whitney patented a new kind of cotton gin. His invention, using rotating brushes and teeth to remove the seeds from cotton, was quickly pirated by others.
Southern plantation owners depended on slaves for labor-intensive crops such as rice, sugar, tobacco, and especially cotton. As the market demand for cotton increased in the early 1800s, the Southern cotton industry expanded dramatically, as did the system of slave labor it relied on.
Related Publication:
Kendrick, Kathleen M. and Peter C. Liebhold. Smithsonian Treasures of American History
National Museum of American History. Treasures of American History online exhibition
Related Web Publication:
http://americanhistory.si.edu/treasures
ID Number:
TE.T08791.000
Catalog number:
T08791.000
Accession number:
48865
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Textiles
Industry & Manufacturing
National Treasures exhibit
Agriculture
Textiles
Exhibition:
American Stories
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_625483