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Creator:
Halkett, James A. E. (physicist)  Search this
Wesolowski, Sigmund A.  Search this
Source:
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Names:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Search this
Former owner:
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Theses
Masters theses
Manuscripts
Diaries
Date:
1948-1951.
Scope and Contents note:
Halkett and Wesolow(ski) materials show the process of technological innovation through laboratory protocols. They also demonstrate the various alternatives explored in the search for effective artificial circulation by using materials which would not damage or clot blood and that could be sterilized. The evolution of the pumping mechanism and power source, the design and materials of the pump itself, and a series of catheters (cannulae) or varying shapes and materials are described as a workable solution is found. Secondly, diversity of techniques developed to solve the problems of artificial circulation and their contributions to that work are documented. The 2018 addenda documents the life and career of physicist James A.E. Halkett. It includes papers relating to his education, his U.S. Navy service, his work with various employers, his research in various fields including radio, metallurgy, ordnance, and radioactivity. Some of the papers relate to his work with General Electric in developing the proximity fuse. The papers include letters; notes, including lab notes, graphs and charts; reports; drawings; photographs; training and operational manuals; bibliographic card files; journals, conference materials and other publications; and miscellany.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into three series. Series 1: James A. E. Halkett Papers Series 2: Sigmund A. Wesolowski Papers Series 3: H.J. Sugarman Papers
Biographical/Historical note:
James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. (now named Adam Wesolow) experimented on an early mechanical heart. In 1948, James Halkett and William Sewell succesfully bypassed the left side of a cat's heart. Modifications in the pump and surgical procedures allowed Dr. Sigmund A. Wesolowski and others to achieve long-term survival of animals after bypass surgery. Halkett and Wesolowski went on to other projects. Although Wesolowski published articles on this work, neither went on to develop this technology for trials with human subjects.
Provenance:
Collection donated by James A. E. Halkett and Adam Wesolow, May 6, 1985.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Surgeons  Search this
Medical sciences  Search this
Heart pump  Search this
Medical Equipment  Search this
Heart, Artificial  Search this
Heart -- Surgery  Search this
Biophysics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Theses
Masters theses
Manuscripts
Diaries -- 20th century
Citation:
James A. E. Halkett Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0220
See more items in:
James A. E. Halkett Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0220